We are now living in digital era where almost everything can be connected using internet connection. The number of internet users keeps increasing each year. It is like we live in two worlds. The first one is the real world where we interact physically with others. The second is the world where all interaction can still be done effectively via internet connection. Internet is not only about social media. It provides many services we can use daily such as electronic mail, as well as database. Internet has significant role in globalization. However, unlike a state or a country, internet doesn’t have ruler or manager which can really signify how to use it properly for supporting civilization. The freedom we have in internet is unlimited. The uncertainty about internet use leads to the idea of internet governance.
Since digital or precisely internet world is unlimited place to control, the ruler or manager involves multi-stakeholders. The main stakeholder is the national government but it is supported by multi-stakeholder approach so the forum is participated on equal footing with civil society and private sector. Up till now, there is always debate over the role of the state to determine internet policy properly. There have been global internet policies made. The similar agenda continues and is followed by other countries all around the world including Republic of Iran. That is why Persian IGF now exist to follow the success of previous internet governance managed by global stakeholders.
Persian IGF (Internet Governance Forum)
The Islamic Republic of Iran has great interests in engaging with the issue of global internet governance. Iran is not new to internet governance because it has been involved and participated in governance events since 2003 where WSIS forum in Geneva was held. Iran has strong critic towards the use of global internet power. International system of internet governance leads Iran to create its own governance to balance the power of internet governance. Thus, the development and formulation of global internet policy has multilateral engagement in empowered international organizations.
Persian IGF is made not to control internet users but help to build and develop internet healthily. People have taken internet freedom carelessly without boundary, forgetting other’s right within social. Iran has also bad record of internet freedom which led to the birth of Internet Governance Forum. The main purposes of Persian IGF are to maintain, empower, and legitimize, its efforts in monitoring and controlling internet access. Iran has actively pursued those objectives domestically. They have been trying to filter vast quantities of online content and invest in the development of new technologies as well as infrastructure. Those are needed to facilitate state surveillance on massive scale.
How Persian IGF works
Iran has been actively filtering online content on massive scale. They restrict access to many sites on Alexa. They also filter keywords, throttle connection, as well as restrict DNS hijacking methods. They are not just random sites. Those are political, sexual, and cultural themed- pages related. Those pages are blocked to avoid massive conflict.
Persian IGF still has limited ability in influencing the development of internet policy in Iran. They cannot participate fully in the state. This is because Iran has developed its own internet regulation comprehensively. They have also control mechanism of international telecommunication regulations as well as internet governance treaties. Persian IGF exists to stabilize internet governance objectives because the change in government in Iran doesn’t change anything. Persian IGF is made in hope to make differences of internet governance system so it can balance out the power. Internet governance has become one of major issues the press keeps discussing till now.
IGF or commonly called as Internet Governance Forum is a platform that has a function to invite people from various backgrounds to engage in a discussion about the public policy problems that closely related to the internet. IGF version of globally has been proved that it is working in gaining some goals that include globally. Due to the success of so many countries that held IGF. There are so many countries that also begins to consider about IGF. And this is the reason why Persian IGF also held.
As we know that there are so many positive benefits and negative benefits from the internet. And sometimes the internet also gives us a chance to make a better life. These, Persian IGF and the other IGF are having aims to discuss the negative benefits and how to maximize the potential positive benefits for the better result.
At first, the word ‘governance’ is to make everyone confused with this. They stated that this word has a meaning like the government is controlling the state. There are so many mistaken interpretations about this word, which made people forget about the real meaning of ‘internet governance’. The IGF is not only discussing the internet that controlled by the government. But it also involves the other backgrounds, like technical communities, academics, scientists, experts, etc. By inviting some stakeholders from various backgrounds to engage in a public discussion, it is hoped that a better solution can be achieved.
There are some kinds of factors that included in each IGF Forum, the one that involves and held by the Persian-Speaking Communities. They have the role of, communication system, information society http://126.96.36.199, and information technology. It is really important to involve them for a better discussion.
As a result, the term of governance is not only limited in connection and wire but also included in so many complex factors that need to discuss more. This is the reason why understanding the Persian IGF concept is crucial to ease better internet policies. That have so many benefits for all of the people included the person has a different background.
In spite of Persian IGF only engage Persian-Speaking countries, International laws also involved as crucial factors. It goes the same with the other IGF different countries. Persian IGF also included multi-stakeholders from so many various backgrounds like the country itself. They have the authority in making public policy that closely related to the internet matter. Whether it is globally or locally. In here, some stakeholders come privately and wants to engage in providing information that closely related to internet usage in the aspects of economic and technical point of view.
While civil society has a role to represent and to provide the information related to the usage of the internet in general society. There are other stakeholders that involve in this Persian IGF forum, such as international organizations and intergovernmental organizations. They have the role of helping to coordinate the internet problems which include in the wide scales.
Almost every human being no matter what age are can have access to the Internet. As an important part of globalization, the Internet connects people from all over the world. The access to information is possible to be done worldwide because of the Internet. From social media, electronic mail to large scale database everything now is easier than before thanks to the Internet. The Internet is like another world, another country.
Like a country that has its government to rule and create regulation so the country stays in good order. The Internet needs a ruler or a manager to make sure it is been used in the proper way to support the real-world with its civilization. The Internet seems to be full of freedom yet uncertain. This issue is what initiates the idea of governance of the Internet. In this reading, we will discuss one specific internet governance system which is Persian IGF.
Multi-stakeholders Internet governance
Multi-stakeholders are needed since the Internet is such an unlimited world to control. The government will act as the main stakeholder and it is supported by other stakeholders. This is done because the forum needs equal support from both sectors, civil sectors, and the private sector. The forum is continued and now many countries, including the Republic of Iran also holding it. That is the reason for the existence of Persian IGF The purpose of its birth is to follow how other countries have succeeded in internet governance.
Persian Internet Governance Forum (IGF)
Based on its huge interest in internet governance Iran has been involved in internet governance since years ago. WSIS forum that occurred in Geneva marked the involvement of Iran in the world of internet governance. What motivates Iran to have its Internet governance is the fact that it has a strong critic for the power of the internet globally and how the International system has already developed internet governance.
The purpose of Persian IGF is rather than to control how users are using the internet, it focuses on how to build and develop a healthy internet. People are crossing boundaries and taken someone else’ right with no sense of responsibility as they misuse the internet. Persian IGF has several main purposes which are to legitimize, empower and maintain its work in controlling and monitoring internet access. The governance has shown the effort in filtering online content and investing in new infrastructure and technology used for the surveillance on a big scale.
Persian IGF has been working on filtering content massively, by restricting access to number sites on Alexa and http://188.8.131.52, filtering keyword, DNS mode for hijacking as well as throttle connection. The sites mentioned are considered inappropriate and even dangerous in terms of political, cultural and sexual. The action of blocking those sites are for the sake of avoiding huge conflict.
However, Persian IGF does not have the authority to influence internet policy developed by Iran. Since Iran has already developed its own system not attached to Persia IGF. Persia IGF exists to balance the internet governance internet in Iran developed by the state.
To control and manage the internet is not an easy job to do. To control which involving different parties and situations there will be needed a decentralized approach rather than centralization. The Internet brings many issues that should be discussed in the internet governance forum. The scary thing is to think that it is possible that the internet may control national principles. As it has no boundaries and unlimited power. To see the importance of internet governance, you should see it as a means to balance the management of the internet in a state or country for the good of everybody.
Persian IGF is not there for controlling the users in Persian-speaking communities. It is present as the hope of contributing to policy-making to achieve balance. factors like intellectual rights, cyber-security, freedom to express are considered in the making of policy related to internet use. Many countries are still not clear about the policy for the internet some even don’t have one. This is when the internet governance forum becomes important to make the internet a world http://184.108.40.206 with order and make sure nobody and no one is at a disadvantage.
What does Persian IGF offer?
Persian IGF objective to control and minimize the negative effects of internet users in Persian-speaking communities. While helping to assist the Persian speaking community in the process and this done by the internet governance experts. The forum itself acts as a foundation or a base to make the relationship between Persian speaking communities and others become stronger. In the end, the forum is expected to increase awareness of issues related to internet governance. The issues are considered to be possible to occur in Persian speaking communities which include Tajikistan, Afghanistan, and Iran itself.
It is easy to notice the advantage when the forum is done well. First, it will increase the awareness of the birth of the internet governance policies. The second, Persian IGF will create and improve the relation among the stakeholders. The third advantage is that this forum will enhance the ability of all members.
Persian internet governance forum
Persian internet governance forum involving experts and important stakeholders who represent various roles in society. What makes the forum is even more significant is that after the forum there will be important growth and development in the policies of internet use. These policies are not giving benefits only for the country. But also for the people included in the Persian speaking community.
The existence of the forum will result in policies that will bring goodness to everyone. So as internet users we should be grateful since the internet without internet governance policies is like a world without law and regulation. Negative and awful things will happen. Internet policies will protect internet users without limiting their freedom to express themselves. Imagine a world without limit and regulation, even when we do good things, still, bad things still out there and can harm us. We surely don’t want that to happen right?
With the forum, we can now feel a little bit safer, but we still have to be careful since bad things will always find their way.
The internet has indeed become a part of everyday life for everyone. All matters are always related to the internet, whether done privately by individuals. Commercial by groups or private parties, to certain interests carried out by the government. Because of that, everything can be easily found on the internet. Starting from the information of a news story, certain articles, products of goods traded, gossip from celebrities or influential people, movements about the economy, to the activities and policies of the government.
With events that occur like that, the internet has become a free place. Where anything like https://agenpoker899.com can be found very easily and without limits. Of course this will have a negative impact on the future. Although there are also positive impacts that can be taken from it as well. However, to prevent these unwanted negative impacts, there should be a fence to manage the internet to be healthy for its users.
Internet Governance Forum (IGF)
The unity of countries has now taken action to realize this. Namely by creating an inter-state forum called the Internet Governance Forum (IGF). This forum was created and is intended to unite every person who is a representative of various countries. Who have interests and policies on the internet in the form of discussions that discuss issues concerning policies related to the internet.
Although in the form of forums and discussions, there is no final outcome at the end of this discussion. The activities carried out in this forum are only discussions, exchanging information. And sharing good practices between one group and other groups that are representatives or delegates in the forum which is held once a year. The existence of the main IGF secretariat itself is in Switzerland.
One form of this discussion is Persian IGF. The IGF Persian Discussion was held in 2014 and showed positive results and was successful and smooth. In the Persian IGF discussion, it was an attempt to create a discourse from efforts to bring about changes in the use of the internet so that it was more directed to contribute and have a better effect.
IGF Persian has also been recognized by other IGF institutions such as European IGF. Asia Pacific IGF, African IGF, and other regional IGF regions. Thus, when the IGF Persian was implemented, the platform involved in the discussion was only stakeholders who spoke Persian at the time. In the discussion of the forum too, it had a big and quite major impact. Because it built and developed new connections with local internet governance stakeholders or globally with others. Especially for stakeholders in Persian only, an example of which is Iran.
Due to the development conditions of the Persian community that are not yet like other global societies. It is expected that the IGF Persian discussion forum will become a basic foundation for the community and stakeholders. Who create policies to become more open groups and the next generation is also expected to have a sense and openness towards others. That way, the current economic growth will also get a good impact going forward
Internet is a complexity that needs to be organized properly to maximize its use and benefits for the users. However, the power of internet also has significant role in influencing economic growth and other issues globally. That is why Internet Governance Forum is needed to facilitate the discussion between different stakeholders which can contributes to makes differences in policy-making process and outcome. Even though IGF is not meant to delegate outcome of internet policies, the annual meeting is expected to the best time for sharing information as well as exchanging good practices. Thus, those who have power in policy-making have something to be considered based on current situation and needs.
Persian IGF objectives
The objective of IGF is similar generally. The forum is there to facilitate the discussion of internet-related issues. Persian IGF is co-organized by IJMA3 and TIG. The establishment of Persian IGF is considered as critical opportunity for new generation to get involved in internet governance-related issues as well as the openness and economic growth. The first annual meeting held for Persian IGF was in 2014. The main objective of this forum was to raise awareness about internet governance processes in the Persian-speaking communities. The purpose is to establish Persian Multi-Stakeholders Advisory Group or MAG.
The reason why Persian IGF initiated was due to many sanctions against Iran during critical period that might be lifted. It is not a secret that Iran has took upon itself to control internet use. They filter many things to set boundary. However, they didn’t give equal footing to other important stakeholders which can give good contribution for internet governance. The purpose of Persian IGF being made is to shape and enhance the forum between Persian –speaking communities so that critical internet governance policies can be built and developed with new connections involving global and local internet governance stakeholders.
Through Persian IGF, the capacity of its members will be enhanced by different ways such as seminars, workshops, fellowships, as well as training. Those methods are expected to be the best opportunities in exchanging knowledge as well as ideas between national and regional IGF initiatives.
The outcomes resulted from Persian IGF will be reported to the global IGF. Persian IGF utilizes internet governance experts in the forum so that the results will have big contribution. Just like other IGF in different countries, Persian IGF has the same objectives in general view. It is expected to help policy-making people to give more attention on internet and its effects.
Global IGF or Internet Governance Forum in 2006 has shown successful and positive result. Therefore, there are regional IGF version that tries to follow the same path. Persian IGF is one of regional IGFs that attempt to make changes to internet use so that it gives more positive contribution and effects. Other regional IGF that have been acknowledged are European IGF, Asia Pacific Regional IGF, African IGF and many more. Persian IGF is independent platform which involves only Persian speaking stakeholders.
The process and objectives of Persian IGF are not that different from global IGF. This is a platform to discuss issues and policies related to internet governance especially through equal footing. The term equal is the most suitable for IGF because all stakeholders have the same right to contribute and share information so that they can achieve the objectives they have equally.
Persian –speaking countries involved in this regional IGF see this as opportunity to create new generation so that all internet related issues can be solved effectively. Besides, all internet related issues have impact to economic growth, stability, and society. The first dialogue or meeting of Persian IGF had been held in 2014. The objectives were to raise awareness about internet governance process in Persian-speaking communities.
What is the impact of Persian IGF?
From the first dialogue, the objectives were clearly stated. In the past, Persian-speaking countries such as Iran took decision of internet policy making in central which meant it didn’t involve other important stakeholders. This way, public internet policies were not as effective as expected. Through Persian IGF, internet governance has been shaped to help policy makers to choose the best decision which not only beneficial for the state but also all people from different background. The forum is also enhanced to straighten the linkages between Persian-speaking countries and their counterparts especially within larger technological sectors.
Persian IGF has big impacts especially in building and developing new connections with other local and global internet governance stakeholders. As the results, critical internet governance policy can be made effectively because the forum involves many important factors to consider. As the impact gives positive result especially to the Persian-speaking communities, the objectives of Persian IGF to create new generation for openness and economic growth are still on going. It is not easy to create effective internet governance especially when the world keeps changing. The power of internet use also keeps increasing which make the attempt to create big impact more challenging than it already has.
Internet governance forum or IGF is a platform serves to bring people from different background to discuss on public policy issues related to internet. The global version of IGF has been proved to be successful in achieving some objectives globally. Following the success of Global IGF, many countries started to consider doing the same thing. This is why Persian IGF also exists. Internet has many opportunities as many as the risk. Thus, Persian IGF and other IGFs are meant to address those risks and maximize the potential for better outcome.
Understand more about Persian IGF and its concept
At the beginning, the term ‘governance’ got people confused because it was like were meant to be controlled by the state. Lots of translation of the term had led people to mistaken the real meaning of the term ‘internet governance’. IGF is not about how internet being controlled by the state but also by others from different backgrounds such as expertise, academic, scientist, technical communities, etc. By bringing stakeholders from different background to public discussion, better solutions are expected to be made. That is why IGF is not only about the state but for broader scale including social and economic growth.
There are various factors involved in every IGF meeting including the one being held by Persian-speaking communities. They are the information society, information technology, and communication system. Those are needed to be included for more comprehensive discussion. Therefore, internet governance is not limited to wire and connection because there are more complicated factors that needs to be addressed. That is why understanding the concept of Persian IGF is important to make better internet policies which are beneficial equally for people even from different backgrounds.
Even though Persian IGF involves only Persian –speaking countries, international laws are included as important factor as well. Just like other IGF in different countries, Persian IGF also involves multi-stakeholders from different background such as the state, which has authority in public policy making related to internet use locally and internationally. There is also stakeholder coming from private which can contribute in filling in information related to internet use in technical and economic point of view.
Civil society is stakeholder represented by organization which fills in information related to internet use in general society. There are also other stakeholders involved in Persian IGF such as intergovernmental organizations as well as international organizations. Those are important to help coordinating internet related issues which involve broader scales.
Internet is not an easy thing to manage or control even for advanced country. The approach is more suitable with decentralization instead of centralization because internet involves different institutions. There are many issues that might relate with internet and to be discussed in internet governance forum. There is an assumption that internet can overpower national principle due to its unlimited power which can influence many sectors and boundaries. Therefore, internet governance is important to balance and manage internet use for good benefits.
Persian IGF is not meant to control internet users between Persian-speaking communities. The forum is expected to contribute in policy-making to create balance effects and power of internet especially in domestic use. The policy made for internet governance is supposed to consider many factors such as freedom to express, cyber-security, as well as intellectual rights. Internet policies are still blur in many countries so Internet Governance Forum is a great move to make differences for making the better version.
Benefits of Persian IGF
Persian IGF has objectives to achieve more balance internet use and control the negative effects within Persian-speaking communities. In the process, it utilizes internet governance experts to assist as well as grows Persian Speaking Community. The forum serves as a base or foundation to strengthen the relationship between Persian speaking communities and others in the world. As the result, this forum is expected to raise the awareness of internet governance related issues that potentially emerge and influence Persian speaking communities including Iran, Tajikistan, and Afghanistan.
The benefits are clear enough to notice if the forum goes well. They include the raise of awareness about the emerge of internet governance policy, improve and grow brand new co-relation with other stakeholders. As the result, this forum will be able to help enhancing the ability of all the members within their means.
The debate of Persian IGF involves important and expert multi-stakeholders. They represent different roles. The forum is beneficial because then there will be significant development and growth to the internet policies which are not only good for the country but for the people within Persian –speaking community in general.
Besides, there was a critical period when many sanctions against Iran might be lifted. Thus, this Persian IGF is considered the right movement to make different change, development and growth of internet use. Therefore, internet will give more benefits positively because they are supported by the right and better policies.
Internet governance has become one of the major issues being discussed in many countries. The role of internet in our life cannot be denied. It has significant role to many sectors even for social and economic growth. Persian IGF is one of forum discussing internet governance involving multi-stakeholders especially Persian-speaking countries such as Iran, Tajikistan, etc. Internet governance is a development or approach of internet management by involving the state, as well as other stakeholders from different but important background.
There are many things they can do while discussing current and major issues related to internet use and growth such as sharing information, helping to take decision, as well as lighting up the ideas to make better internet policies.
Persian IGF exists to balance the power of internet within the state. Persian –speaking country like Iran has taken some actions to control internet use by filtering offensive sites which are considered to be potentially disturbs national security. Unlike the state, Persian IGF attempt to take different approach rather than just controlling and filtering.
They discuss important issue with other influenced stakeholders so that more effective approach can be made to make internet use result in more positive ways for the users as well as for the state.
The annual meeting through Persian IGF doesn’t contribute directly to the policy-making. However, it does contributes to fill in important things to consider by those who have power in making decision to make better policies related to internet governance. The contribution sounds not so big but it has big impact indeed. Without Persian IGF, Persian-speaking countries may take different approach in making internet policies ineffectively.
That is because the meeting and discussion Persian IGF is not only talking about how to minimize damage caused by unlimited internet power to the state but also the impact in general include to society and economic growth. Thus, internet has big contribution to build better world.
In Internet Governance Forum, internet issue is not only about every digital-related things but also the information society as well as information technology and communication. All those aspects cannot be separated from each other because it will only cause in missing important point.
By including all those aspect in discussion, the real problem can be found and the most effective solution can be made. Therefore, it can be concluded that Persian IGF contribution has significant impact to social and economic growth especially for Persian –speaking countries.